The national flag of Brazil (Portuguese: Bandeira do Brasil) is a blue celestial globe depicting a starry sky spanned by a curved white equatorial band with the national motto ORDEM E PROGRESSO (Order and Progress) inscribed, within a yellow rhombus, on a green field. Brazil officially adopted this design on November 19, 1889, replacing the flag of the second Empire of Brazil. The flag's blue circle currently has 27 white five-pointed stars to represent the union's federated units – each star representing a specific State, plus one for the Federal District.
Brazil Flag - Colors - meaning and symbolism
Green represents the forests of Brazil
Yellow rhombus symbolizes Brazil's mineral wealth
Bluecircle and stars depict the sky over Rio de Janeiro at 8:37 A.M. on 15 November 1889 - the day the Republic of Brazil was declared
The green on the flag the former Empire of Brazil represented the House of Braganza of Pedro I, the first Emperor of Brazil, while the yellow stood for the Habsburg Family of his wife, Maria Leopoldina of Austria
Brazil Flag Anthem
(The Hino à Bandeira Nacional)
Salve lindo pendão da esperança!
Salve símbolo augusto da paz
Tua nobre presença à lembrança
A grandeza da Pátria nos traz.
Recebe o afeto que se encerra
em nosso peito juvenil,
Querido símbolo da terra,
Da amada terra do Brasil!
Em teu seio formoso retratas
Este céu de puríssimo azul,
A verdura sem par destas matas,
E o esplendor do Cruzeiro do Sul.
Contemplando o teu vulto sagrado,
Compreendemos o nosso dever,
E o Brasil por seus filhos amado,
poderoso e feliz há de ser!
Sobre a imensa nação brasileira,
Nos momentos de festa ou de dor,
Paira sempre sagrada bandeira,
Pavilhão da justiça e do amor!
Brazilian Flag Anthem (English Translation)
Hail, precious banner of hope!
Hail, august symbol of peace!
Thy noble presence to our minds
The greatness of our motherland does bring.
Take the affection enclosed
In our youthful chest,
Dear symbol of the land,
Of the beloved land of Brazil!
In thy beauteous bosom portraits
This sky of purest blue,
The unrivalled greenness of these forests,
And the splendor of the Southern Cross.
Beholding thy sacred shadow,
We understand our duty,
And Brazil loved by its children,
Powerful and happy shall be!
Over the great Brazilian Nation,
In times of happiness or grief,
Hovers always the sacred flag,
Pavilion of justice and love!
Brazil Flag - Constellations
Procyon (α Canis Minoris)
Canis Major, with the largest star depicting Sirius
Canopus (α Carinae)
Spica (α Virginis)
Sigma Octantis (σ Octantis; south pole star)
Scorpius, with the largest star depicting Antares
Brazil Flag - Stars
Mato Grosso do Sul
Rio de Janeiro
Rio Grande do Norte
Rio Grande do Sul
Brazil Flag facts
The Brazil National Flag was designed by Raimundo Teixeira Mendes.
The motto "Ordem e Progresso" ("Order and Progress") is inspired by Auguste Comte's motto of positivism: "L’amour pour principe et l’ordre pour base; le progrès pour but" ("Love as a principle and order as the basis; progress as the goal")
Current Brazil Flag (1992 - present)
On May 11, 1992, the flag was modified with the addition of six stars to the celestial globe – representing the six newly created states.
Previous Brazil Flag (1889 - 1992)
In 1889, Brazil transitioned from constitutional monarchy to a republic. The then provisional president of Brazil, Marshal Deodoro da Fonseca ordered the design of a new flag for the new nation. A new flag was designed by a group three - Raimundo Teixeira Mendes, Miguel Lemos, Manuel Pereira Reis and Décio Villares. It was officially adopted on November 19, 1889. On May 12, 1992, the flag was modified with the addition of six stars to the celestial globe – representing the six newly created states.
Historic Brazil Flag (1822 – 1889)
The Empire of Brazil used the Royal Standard of its emperor, Pedro I. It was designed by Jean-Baptiste Debret as the Royal Standard of Pedro I, in his previous capacity as the Prince Royal of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. The new flag featured the imperial coat of arms within a yellow rhombus, on a green field. The green and yellow colors represented the dynastic houses of Pedro I and his consort .The green on the flag the former Empire of Brazil represented the House of Braganza of Pedro I, the first Emperor of Brazil, while the yellow stood for the Habsburg Family of his wife, Maria Leopoldina of Austria
Historic Brazil Flag (1815 – 1822)
Brazil became a kingdom in 1815 as part of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. The insignia of the new kingdom, a gold armillary sphere on a blue field, was displayed on its flag
Historic Brazil Flag (1692 – 1816)
Brazil was a portuguese colony. In 1692, a flag that had a white field with a golden armillary sphere was introduced for merchant vessels sailing to Brazil. The armillary sphere was the personal emblem of King of Portugal, Manuel I. (A similar flag was introduced for the Portuguese ships that sailed to India, but with a red armillary sphere)